For example, a 3 handshape There are approximately 28 classifier handshapes depending upon who you ask. Interpreters are not allowed to simply create new classifier handshapes even though some try. Classifier handshapes are fixed and defined within the ASL lexicon.
What is American Sign Language Classifiers? The purpose of the classifier is to provide additional information about nouns and verbs such as: ASL has many classifier handshapes to represent specific categories or class of objects.
ASL uses the classifier system to give descriptive information about a subject or predicate verb. This descriptive information is divided into six main categories. They are the following: Size and Shape Specifiers SASSes they describe certain physical characteristics such as size, shape, depth and texture of a noun as well as indicate its location in space.
C cup or cookie, CL: There are some that are not represented by their iconic characteristics but are abstract representations. V upside down indicates a person and the action of the person i. Using the body to represent a look or action i.
Describe parts of the body usually the lower part of the body such as legs or feet and its action by using designated handshapes and appropriate movements. The handshapes representing the lower body parts seem to be used when it is important to the story line to be focused upon and described for clarification or enhancement purposes.
Body part Classifiers can represent objects on the body i. The classifier adds specific information to the predicate meaning. Locative Classifiers are classifiers that indicate the spatial relationship between two or more things. Locative classifiers serve a similar purpose as prepositions in English such as in, on, under, behind, above etc.
The car is parked by the tree would be signed thus: There are also sub categories of Classifiers that can be applied to any of the main category of classifiers: Indicates more than one object.
Singular classifiers can be signed in repetition to show pluralization. If it is done mainly with the dominant hand, it represents a set or a row of things ie books or trophies on a bookshelf; if it is done with alternating hands, it shows that it is arranged haphazardly or in different places.
There are two categories: Descriptive Classifiers DCL often acts like adjectives. ASL classifiers that represents nouns tend to represent a wide variety of things as the focus is to show the relative locations and movements of the things they stand for.
F and the action i. F pick-up or The priest put a bread wafer in my mouth. F in my mouth. Different sizes of columns may be indicated by using CL: L-C 2hor CL: Classifier describing the look and action of the elements i.
Classifiers are integral part of American Sign Language. Classifiers represents a class of nouns and are used somewhat like pronouns. Two handed classifiers can be used to represent different referents showing location and action. Classifiers can be used as action verbs.
Classifiers can show spatial relationships. Classifiers can show orientation of objects.
Classifiers can give information about singularity or plurality. Classifiers called SASSes give size, shape, depth, shape and texture information about the object. The upper body can be used as a classifier.GLOSS: "Glossing" is what you call it when you write one language in another.
The written information is known as "gloss." When we see someone signing and we write it down or type it out sign for sign and include various notations to account for the facial and body grammar that goes with the signs--we are "glossing ASL.".
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